Sri Lanka, electing to bat, were all out for 212 in their first innings in the opening test against Australia in Galle on Wednesday.
Niroshan Dickwella top scored for the hosts with a rapid 58, while Angelo Mathews contributed 39.
Nathan Lyon (5-90) was the pick of the Australia bowlers, while spin team mate Mitchell Swepson claimed 3-55.
Lyon snares his 20th five-wicket haul in Test cricket as he combines with Mitchell Swepson to bowl the hosts out for 212
Australia must still defy history to win after losing the toss given teams outside the sub-continent have won just two of 16 matches batting last on the spinning Galle wicket.
Sri Lanka have picked four spinners for the series opener and just one quick, after their slower bowlers took 54 wickets across three Tests on Australia’s last visit in 2016.